Geography – Multiple Choice 91 Questions – Answered.

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1. Geography can be best defined as A. the study of space. B. earth studies. C. environmental science. D. the science of place. E. regional studies. 2. The word “geography” means A. earth description. B. earth discovering. C. earth graphics. D. world mapping. E. world exploration. 3. By the end of the Roman era, geographers […]

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1. Geography can be best defined as A. the study of space. B. earth studies. C. environmental science. D. the science of place. E. regional studies. 2. The word “geography” means A. earth description. B. earth discovering. C. earth graphics. D. world mapping. E. world exploration. 3. By the end of the Roman era, geographers had developed theories about A. a spherical earth. B. latitudinal climatic zones. C. human capability for earth modification. D. all of the above. E. none of the above. 4. Which is NOT true about place? A. It is unique. B. It possesses emotional qualities. C. It is part of human identity. D. All of the above. E. None of the above. 5. Culture is A. instinctive behavior. B. inherited, individual behavior. C. educationally derived behavior. D. a collection of beliefs. E. learned, collective behavior. 6. Cultural geography is best described as a celebration of A. the earth. B. the environment. C. place uniqueness. D. human diversity. E. all of the above. 7. We cannot understand culture removed from its A. physical habitat. B. environmental context. C. ecological aspects. D. all of the above. E. none of the above. 8. In order to investigate the spatial pattern of pig/pork production in the world, a geographer would investigate 1. climate and soil characteristics. 2. available technology. 3. cultural preferences. 4. food taboos. 5. government policies. A. 1 only B. 1 and 2 C. 3, 4, and 5 D. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 E. none of the above 9. Cultural geographers use the term or concept of _____ to describe a grouping of similar places. A. spatial unit B. culture region C. spatial region D. culture area E. spatial network 10. The most important tool in describing and revealing regions is the A. written word. B. photograph. C. map. D. computer. E. video. 11. A uniform area inhabited by people who have one or more cultural traits in common is called a _____ region. A. functional B. dynamic C. nodal D. generic E. formal 12. On the island of Singapore, population and economic activity are most concentrated in the south. This illustrates A. a functional region. B. an intuitively defined region. C. a core-periphery pattern. D. formal border zones. E. an arbitrary spatial pattern. 13. Which of the following is NOT a formal culture region? A. a French-language region in Canada B. a corn-growing county in Iowa C. a distribution network of the Washington Post D. a Chinese community in California’s San Gabriel Valley E. that part of Russia called “Siberia” 14. Formal regions typically exhibit (a) A. core-periphery pattern. B. well-defined boundaries. C. functional nodes. D. channels of interaction. E. a set of culture traits with identical spatial patterns. 15. You are going to visit a friend on the island of Timor in Indonesia. You know that one part of the island is mostly Muslim and another part is primarily Christian. As a geographer, you know that A. Timor is a single formal region. B. the island has two formal regions. C. Timor is simply a functional region. D. you can define any number of culture regions in Timor. E. Timor is best described as a vernacular region. 16. Which of the following is NOT a functional culture region? A. arid lands of southwestern Asia B. region served by Virgin Atlantic out of London C. customer service area of an auto-teller machine D. international trade area of China E. marketing area for a new Wal-Mart store 17. A vernacular region A. has well defined borders. B. is perceived to exist. C. is the same as a functional region. D. is defined by the government. E. exists only in rural areas. 18. At a basic level, the vernacular region grows out of A. people’s sense of belonging. B. cultural homogeneity. C. popular culture nodes. D. functional organization. E. core-periphery relationships. 19. Democracy originated in Greece, but today many countries practice democracy. This illustrates the concept of A. independent invention. B. contagious diffusion. C. formal region evolution. D. cultural diffusion. E. the spread of revolution. 20. Prior to its takeover by China in 1997, many Hong Kong Chinese migrated to Vancouver, Canada. This illustrates the process of _____ diffusion. A. migration B. hierarchical C. contagious D. expansion E. relocation 21. 7-11 stores now exist in Bangkok and Chiang Mai in Thailand. Soon, 7-11s will open in other Thai cities and towns. This illustrates the process of _____ diffusion. A. hierarchical B. stimulus C. contagious D. permeable E. linkage 22. International newspapers and magazines are not permitted in certain regions of the People’s Republic of China. This is an example of A. time-distance decay. B. an absorbing barrier to diffusion. C. a permeable barrier to diffusion. D. stimulus diffusion. E. hierarchical diffusion. 23. After learning about chopsticks from China, the Koreans designed their own flat version and the Japanese designed their own shorter, more pointed model. These are examples of _____ diffusion. A. contagious B. hierarchical C. stimulus D. vernacular E. relocation 24. The process of microscale diffusion whereby a culture trait is quickly adopted in a small cluster around an initial adopter is called the A. S-curve stage. B. barrier effect. C. neighborhood effect. D. acceptance effect. E. distance decay. 25. Culture regions and the invention-diffusion process have in common a _____ spatial arrangement. A. core-periphery B. danse macabre C. overlapping D. dense-sparse E. networked 26. In a world where sophisticated communications render the friction of distance virtually meaningless, _____ innovation is more critical than availability. A. awareness of B. knowledge of C. susceptibility to D. acquisition of E. adherence to 27. The most important aspect of the diffusion process today is A. spatial pattern. B. susceptibility. C. time-distance decay. D. place. E. impermeable barriers. 28. All of us pursue _____ strategies to procure the necessities of life. A. diffusionary B. eco- C. deterministic D. adaptive E. control 29. When geographers focus on the interrelationships between people and their environments, they are following the theme of A. cultural geography. B. cultural iconography. C. environmental determinism. D. cultural ecology. E. environmental ecology. 30. In reference to “adaptive strategies,” all of the following statements are correct EXCEPT A. These are learned behaviors. B. These involve survival aspects of culture. C. Individual adaptive ways are derived from the interplay between people and their natural environment. D. Individuals exert very little innovative power. E. These are channelled by culture. 31. Which of the following statements illustrates environmental determinism? A. Siberia is rich in mineral resources. B. In the Philippines, Luzon rice farmers terrace the hill slopes. C. Chile is a mountainous country. D. In the hot season, the natives are restless. E. When it gets hot in Texas, some people turn on air conditioners. 32. On the tropical rainforest island of Borneo, some tribes practice slash and burn agriculture while other tribes have chosen to be fishers. This exemplifies A. adoption. B. determinism. C. culturalism. D. possibilism. E. environmentalism. 33. The magnitude and speed of environmental alteration is controlled by A. invention and diffusion. B. access to energy and technology. C. cultural integration. D. access to natural resources. E. cultural ecology. 34. The word that is key to the scientific approach in cultural geography is A. location. B. place. C. space. D. model. E. analysis. 35. Islam forbids Muslims to eat pork. An Islamic food store in Detroit does not sell pork. This illustrates the concept of A. cultural innovation. B. cultural determinism. C. cultural integration. D. environmental perception. E. environmental determinism. 36. Model builders have been criticized for economic determinism. This type of analysis is A. acultural. B. perceptual. C. culture-specific. D. environmental. E. socio-economic. 37. The word that is key to the humanistic approach in cultural geography is A. people. B. place. C. space. D. topophilia. E. society. 38. Yi-fu Tuan coined the term topophilia to express A. fear of topography. B. creation of landscape. C. perception of place. D. love of place. E. love of landforms. 39. Which of the following is NOT a significant characteristic of a cultural landscape? A. It provides us with a sense of place. B. It can be “read like a book.” C. It is a reflection of culture in space and time. D. It can be understood in terms of culture-specific models. E. It provides information about its inhabitants. 40. Which of the following are post-modernist statements? 1. The focus of geography is on “rational man.” 2. Science is modernism. 3. A reasoning is someone’s perception. 4. Geography is an objective pursuit of the truth about reality. 5. All claims to knowledge are undecidable. A. 1, 2, and 4 B. 1 and 4 C. 2, 3, and 5 D. 3 and 5 E. 1 and 2 41. Landscape studies show us that human worth is expressed in three ways. These are 1. horizontality. 2. verticality. 3. visibility. 4. centrality. 5. durability. A. 1, 2, and 3 B. 2, 3, and 4 C. 3, 4, and 5 D. 2, 4, and 5 E. 1, 3, and 4 42. Postmodern and humanistic geographers would be most interested in _____ landscapes. A. physical B. economic C. settlement D. model E. experiential 43. Pattern of church attendance and distribution area of a first-run film are A. formal regions. B. functional regions. C. relocation regions. D. vernacular regions. E. integrated regions. 44. New Orleans at night and Kansas farmlands viewed from a plane are A. environmental choices. B. natural landscapes. C. cultural landscapes. D. vernacular landscapes. E. cultural ecology. 45. Speaking with an accent and wearing Doc Martens are A. culture traits. B. genetic traits. C. examples of inherited behavior. D. examples of topological behavior. E. culture regions. 46. The Far West and the Deep South are A. formal regions. B. nodal regions. C. physical regions. D. vernacular regions. E. functional regions. 47. The joke spread quickly throughout the office and every household in the village claimed a cholera victim are _____ diffusion. A. hierarchical B. relocation C. contact D. differential E. contagious 48. Avoidance of pork by Jews and avoidance of coffee by Mormons are examples of A. possibilism. B. environmental selection. C. cultural integration. D. cultural ecology. E. cultural landscape. 49. Topophilia and sense of place are A. economic determinism. B. culture-specific models. C. humanistic concepts. D. spatial laws. E. perceived regions. 50. Non-geographers know nothing about geography. A. True B. False 51. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Arabs were most important in acquiring geographical knowledge. A. True B. False 52. The discipline of “geography” emerged first in England. A. True B. False 53. Geography, because of its spatial focus, offers easy explanations for cultural phenomena. A. True B. False 54. Agricultural patterns are based, in part, on personal preferences. A. True B. False 55. If every place on the earth were identical we would not need geography. A. True B. False 56. Geographers seek an integrated, holistic view of humankind. A. True B. False 57. World crop distributions can be explained by land and climate characteristics alone. A. True B. False 58. Food preferences and crop choices are influenced by survival needs, not belief systems. A. True B. False 59. Geographers can easily identify two cultural traits with identical patterns of distribution. A. True B. False 60. Most commonly, culture regions rely on multiple related traits. A. True B. False 61. Sometimes culture regions are derived from a geographer’s intuition based on intimate knowledge of a region. A. True B. False 62. Functional regions are characterized by functional homogeneity. A. True B. False 63. Formal culture regions are defined by border zones rather than sharp edges. A. True B. False 64. While functional regions have a core and periphery, formal regions do not. A. True B. False 65. The hallmark of the formal region is homogeneity. A. True B. False 66. A good example of a functional node is your state capital. A. True B. False 67. The Tsingtao beer factory that ships bottled beer to the United States from China is a node in a functional region. A. True B. False 68. Formal and functional regions generally coincide spatially. A. True B. False 69. When you go to your campus, you are visiting a node in a functional region. A. True B. False 70. A vernacular region is frequently centered on a single urban node. A. True B. False 71. Vernacular regions can be created through publicity campaigns. A. True B. False 72. The acceptance of cultural innovation decreases with distance. A. True B. False 73. You have graduated and plan to move out of state or province. You will be part of a pattern of expansion diffusion. A. True B. False 74. The best conceptual approach to the spread of AIDS in Atlanta would be cultural diffusion. A. True B. False 75. Hagerstrand is best known for his work in innovation behavior. A. True B. False 76. Non-diffusion is more prevalent than diffusion. A. True B. False 77. Environmental determinism has been replaced by possibilism. A. True B. False 78. People who have experienced a natural hazard rarely return to that place to live. A. True B. False 79. Technology allows humans mastery of the physical environment. A. True B. False 80. When siting a house in China, it is best to have your back to the north and front to the south. This is an example of geomancy. A. True B. False 81. In western cultures, technology is often regarded as the solution to environmental problems. A. True B. False 82. Geographers have shown that urban form is derived primarily from environmental conditions such as topography. A. True B. False 83. Cultural integration expresses the idea that culture evolves from culture. A. True B. False 84. People migrating from one type of environment to another often make the mistake of perceiving that the new environment will be similar to their old one. A. True B. False 85. All facets of a culture are functionally interdependent. A. True B. False 86. Culture-specific model builders are humanistic geographers. A. True B. False 87. Ford and Griffin’s model of Latin American city structure is culture-specific. A. True B. False 88. A geographer who believes that there are no quantifiable facts, only humanistic interpretations, would be considered a postmodernist. A. True B. False 89. Every inhabited area, by definition, has a cultural landscape. A. True B. False 90. The cultural landscape offers possibilities for subjective, artistic impression as well as objective, scholarly analysis. A. True B. False 91. From ground level, the most visible evidence of a particular culture is architecture. A. True B. False